Question by Manmohan
2014 Recruitment information about Kolkata Police ?
Posted & Published | by Manmohan2
The Kolkata Police Force is one of the two police forces of the Indian state of West Bengal. (The other is the West Bengal Police, which has a separate jurisdiction.)Kolkata Police has the task of policing the metropolitan area of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India, as defined under the Calcutta Police Act, 1866 and the Calcutta Suburban Police Act,1866.The history of the present structure of policing in Kolkata goes back to colonial times, when the city was known as "Calcutta", and was a fledging settlement of the English East India Company. Calcutta was founded by an Englishman, Job Charnock, who was then a key functionary of the Company, had anchored his boat Maddapollam at a village called Sutanuti on the eastern banks of the Hooghly, in 1690. This formed the nucleus of a fortified military settlement which in 1696 (3 years after Charnock's death) along with the villages of Gobindapur and Kalikata, became a prime location for the East India Company's operations in Bengal.Policing in Calcutta's earliest days was confined to the Mughal administration and their local representatives. Bengal was still technically a part of the Mughal Empire, but the Nawabs of Bengal, based in Murshidabad in North Bengal, were its effective rulers. The Watch and Ward functions were entrusted to a Kotwal or town prefect who had 45 peons under him, armed with traditional weapons like staves and spears, to deal with miscreants. In 1720, the East India Company formally appointed an officer to be in charge of civil and criminal administration. He was assisted by an Indian functionary commonly known as "black deputy" or "black zamindar". Under him were three naib-dewans, one of whom was in charge of the police. The settlement was divided into "thanas" (Police stations) under "thanadars" who had in turn contingents of "naiks" and "paiks". A small contingent of river police was also formed.
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